2017 is the Year of the Rose. The United States National Flower first appeared 35 million years ago. I’m sure we all remember that day, right?
The rose is part of the Rosaceae family which is very important for our food supply......yes our food supply! .....like apples, strawberries and many others. There are more than 150 species of Roses but......very few are used in today’s gardens.
Photo: Joani MacCubbin
Roses have been associated with us humans since the earliest recorded history. The oldest record is from China and this information dates back more than 7,000 years ago and they are as popular now as they have ever been. Modern rose hybridization began in the Western part of Europe in the 18th Century.
Today there are more than 11,000 varieties of hybrid roses.....and more of them are being bred every year.
And if you can believe this.....the rose industry is divided into three parts...the Garden industry...the Florist industry...and the Perfume Industry.
The Fragrance Industry uses mostly 2 species of roses that are grown just for that use. They are grown in the Mediterranean area as the weather is perfect for their culture. .....and just how many pounds of rose petals do you think it takes to make 1 liter of Rose oil? Well if you didn’t know.....it takes 10,000 pounds of petals. And that is one of the most widely used ingredient used in making perfumes.
The Florist rose industry produces more than 1 billion stems a year in more than 30,000 acres of greenhouses worldwide. This industry started in Europe and the United States near the 19th Century and has moved to other countries with climates better suited for them. As it had left the United States it is now slowly returning and now appears that there is a growing trend to produce them once again.
Roses are still favorites for many of us. Us gardeners just love to grow them. And us ladies love the scented ones. Roses have been in our gardens have been around for a long time. Tom and I are now growing a very small bush rose that is called ‘Thrift Rose’. It’s about 1 to 1 ? ft. tall and is covered with many flowers. And.....it’s flowers can be seen in red, pink, peach, white and yellow. We love our roses!