What to do in your landscape - November 2021
Average temperature: High 79 Low 59
Rainfall: 2.32 inches
What to plant:
Vegetables: Beet, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrot, cauliflower, celery, Chinese cabbage, collard, endive, kale, kohlrabi, lettuce, mustard, onion, pea, radicchio, radish, rhubarb, rutabaga, spinach, Swiss chard, and turnip.
Flowers: Ageratum, alyssum, baby's breath, black-eyed Susan, bush daisy, calendula, California poppy, candytuff, carnation, cat's whiskers, chrysanthemum, cleome, cornflower, delphinium, dianthus, dusty miller, foxglove, gaillardia, geranium, goldenrod, heliotrope, hollyhocks, Iceland poppy, impatiens, larkspur, lobelia, ornamental cabbage & kale, pansy, petunia, phlox, salvia, Shasta daisy, snapdragon, stock, sweet pea, verbena, viola and wax begonias.
Herbs: anise, arugula, basil, borage, chive, cardamon, chervil, cilantro, coriander, dill, fennel, garlic, ginger, lavender, lemon balm, lovage, Mexican tarragon, mint, nasturtium, oregano, parsley, rosemary, sage, sweet marjoram, thyme and watercress.
Bulbs: African iris, amaryllis, anemone, bulbine, crinum, day lily, rain lily, ranunculus, society garlic, spider lily and narcissus; refrigerate Dutch iris, tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, and similar bulbs for 12 to 16 weeks.
- Fall rains and heat have damaged many plants; continue good care to obtain a harvest.
- Remove declining crops and plant the cool season vegetables.
- Herbs like the cooler weather; begin new plantings and revive older ones.
- Start seeds of broccoli, cauliflower, collards, onions to grow for transplants.
- Cool season vegetables can be added to the garden until February.
- Add a few vegetable plants to the garden each month to have a continual supply.
- Tomato and pepper planting time is over until spring.
- The dry season is here; water when the surface soil begins to dry to the touch.
- Improve sandy soils with garden soil, compost, peat moss and composted manure.
- Feed the garden every 3 to 4 weeks with composted manure or a general garden fertilizer.
- Stake or trellis taller growing crops to prevent wind damage and pests.
- Maintain a mulch between plants and rows to conserve water and control weeds.
- Caterpillars have been feeding in the garden; hand pick or use natural controls.
- Build raised beds to better contain plantings and make their care easier.
- Give bananas and pineapples a final fall feeding with a general garden fertilizer.
- Many early citrus varieties are ready to harvest; use the taste test to tell when they are ripe.
- Feeding time for citrus and other fruit trees is over.
- Water citrus trees once or twice each week during the dry times.
- Add new citrus or other fruiting trees to the landscape.
- Sow papaya seeds to over winter in containers.
- Delay all fruit tree pruning until late January or February.
- Many lawns have thinned due to early fall heat and rains; give good care to help recovery.
- Fall is a good time to sod or plug problem areas in lawns; delay Bahiagrass seeding until spring.
- Complete Fall feedings with a low phosphorus fertilizer during early November.
- Lawns can dry quickly during the warmer days of November; water as permitted.
- Less water is needed during cool weather; reduce waterings to when the grass begins to wilt.
- Lawn watering is limited to once a week in most areas when Eastern Standard Time returns.
- Retrofit irrigation system to water lawns separately from trees and shrubs that need less moisture.
- Check irrigation systems monthly, repair and adjust sprinklers to water efficiently.
- Chinch bug and caterpillar control may still be needed during warm fall weather.
- Have lawn soil tested by the University of Florida lab to ensure a proper feeding.
- Lawns low in potassium can be given extra winter protection with a late month application.
- Brown patch disease can be severe in zoysia; treat this month or when first noted.
- Apply herbicides for your lawn type if needed for broadleaf and sedge weed control.
- Continue mowing at normal heights.
- Aerate hard to wet, compacted and nematode infected soils. This should not be necessary for new lawns.
- Sow ryegrass in barren areas for a temporary lawn starting in late November.
- Remove and compost fallen leaves.
- Fill in shady problem spots with ornamental ground covers.
- Extended rains of early fall have encouraged weeds; control as needed.
- Renew mulches if necessary, to help conserve water during the drier months ahead.
- Mulch only needs to be 3" - 4" high around shrubs and trees.
- Create mulch tree rings around the base of trees to allow for air circulation and moisture penetration.
- If mulch has not depleted, rake the mulch under shrubs, and turn over to allow for decomposition.
- Most pruning should be completed this month to allow new growth to mature before winter.
- Only remove declining fronds and flower or fruiting stalks from palms to maintain vigor.
- Inspect palm trees on a monthly basis.
- Palm diseases may be spread by pruners; disinfect at least between palms.
- Remove declining warm season flowers and replace with the cool season flowers.
- Work organic matter into flower beds and replace soil in planters before planting.
- Only in Florida during winter- Fertilize with slow-release fertilizers when you arrive in November, then again right before you leave in April-May.
- Slow-release fertilizers are an easy way to feed flower beds and containers.
- Extend chrysanthemum life; remove faded flowers, keep the soil moist and feed lightly.
- Make sure poinsettias receive no nighttime light; keep the soil moist and feed monthly.
- Established trees and shrubs need infrequent watering; moisten only during the dry times.
- Flower beds need watering when the surface soil begins to dry to the touch.
- Scale insects have been heavy this year on shrubs and foliage plants; use a natural spray.
- Leaf spots and die-back are normal on many trees and perennials as they prepare for winter.
- Cooler months provide the ideal time to move small trees and shrubs in the landscape.
- Check braces and supports added to new trees, palms, and shrubs.
- Hurricane season ends November 30; select small sturdy trees for new plantings
- Remove limbs and weeds interfering with sprinklers.
- Complete all tree, palm, and shrub feedings by mid-month.
- Collect and refrigerate favorite flower seeds in plastic bags and store in the refrigerator.
- Hurry to create wildflower plantings that won't flower until spring.
- Reduce feedings of orchids and bromeliads in the landscape as the weather cools.
- Divide perennials and bulbs
- Form compost piles to recycle yard waste.
- Buy frost blankets now to be prepared for unexpected winter freezes.
- Be prepared to cover or move cold sensitive plants to a warm location.
- Fill hard to mow and problem areas with shrubs and ground covers.
- Clean birdbaths and prepare feeders for winter.
- Reduce feedings of water garden plantings
Foliage and house plant care:
- Plant narcissus and amaryllis bulbs in containers to begin growth for holiday blooms.
- Remember, no nighttime light for holiday plants until they begin to bloom.
- Water holiday cactus and kalanchoe when the soil dries to the touch; keep poinsettias moist.
- Wash away dust and plant pests with a soapy water solution
- Check and treat outdoor plants for insects before bringing them indoors.
- Discontinue or reduce foliage plant feedings to every other month.
- Begin bringing cold sensitive foliage plants indoors.